Pronunciation Guide


a - as a in far
b - as b in boot
d - as d in day
dzh - as j in join
dzw - labio-alveolar sound
e - as e in bed
f - as f in fetch
g - as g in golf
h - as h in hat
i - as ea in eat
k - unaspirated (ejective) as k in the German word Kunst
kh - as c in care
khw - as que in quell
l - sound between l and r (no English equivalent)
m - as m in mat
n - as n in not
ng - as ng in linger
ny - as ny in Kenya
o - as o in for
p - as p in tap
ph - as p in pool
r - as r in rule
s - as s in say
sh - as sh in shirt
t - as final t in ticket
th - as aspirated t in tall
ts - unaspirated sound - like ts in sits
tsh - as ch in check
tsw - labio-alveolar sound
ty - palatal sound
u - as u in put
v - as v in view
w - as w in warm
x - as ch in loch
y - as y in you
z - as z in zoo

DENTALLY ARTICULATED CONSONANTS


SAlanguages.com : Tshivenda


J. Olivier (2009)
SAlanguages.com