STATISTICS AND GRAPHS

Percentage of speakers per home language in South Africa (1996, 2001 and 2011)


Number of speakers per language in South Africa (1980, 1991, 1996, 1998, 2001 and 2011)

LANGUAGE

1980

1991 (a)

1996

1998 (b)

2001 (c)

2011 (d)
isiZulu 6 064 480

8 343 587

9 200 144 10 194 787 10 677 305 11 587 374
isiXhosa 2 879 360

6 729 281

7 196 118 7 610 435 7 907 153 8 154 258
Afrikaans 4 925 760

5 685 403

5 811 547 5 945 805 5 983 426 6 855 082
English 2 815 640 3 422 503 3 457 467 3 692 157 3 673 203 4 892 623
Sepedi 2 431 760

n/a

3 695 846 3 832 645 4 208 980 4 618 576
Setswana 1 444 908 3 368 544 3 301 774 3 613 925 3 677 016 4 067 248
Sesotho 1 877 840 n/a 3 104 197 3 539 261 3 555 186 3 849 563
Xitsonga 888 140 1 439 809 1 756 105 1 776 505 1 992 207 2 277 148
siSwati 650 600 952 478 1 013 193 1 068 733 1 194 430 1 297 046
Tshivenda 169 740 673 538 876 409 1 227 824 1 021 757 1 209 388
isiNdebele 459 880 n/a 586 961 654 304 711 821 1 090 223
Other 292 360 640 277 228 275 157 767 217 293 828 258
Sign language n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 234 655
Unspecified n/a n/a 355 538 10 868 n/a n/a
TOTAL: 26 271 060 31 255 420 40 583 574 43 325 017 44 819 778 50 961 443

Source: Statistics South Africa

(a) The accuracy of some data for 1991 is questioned - refer to: Mesthrie, R. (ed.) 1995. Language and social history: studies in South African sociolinguistics. Cape Town : David Philip. (page xvii)

(b) October Househould Surveys: this data is not so comprehensive since it was taken from a sample set of households, and was then extrapolated to provide a nationwide picture.

(c) Census 2001, Statistics South Africa (2003)

(d) Latest Census 2011, Statistics South Africa (2012)


SAlanguages.com



J. Olivier (2012)
SAlanguages.com